This is Toby Haynsworth's web site. 

This site was created primarily to provide web surfers with information about the last days of the American presence in Vietnam. My interest in that period of American history has its genesis in the fact that I was a member of the crew of the USS Midway (CVA 41) some 70 miles off shore when Saigon fell on April 30,1975. In addition to a hyperlink to a description of an oral history of the period, there are links to other sites that can provide the surfer with additional information about that era. Scroll down and take your pick. Comments and constructive criticism concerning the contents of this web site will be welcomed. Just send them to me at .

Faculty Name H.C. "Toby" Haynsworth
Title Emeritus Professor of Quantitative Methods

Ph.D., Clemson University, 1981

MS, US Navy PG School, 1963

BA, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1955


(803) 323-2687

Office Number

500F Thurmond


Prior to my career as a member of the faculty of the College of Business Administration here at Winthrop University, I spent 20 years as a Supply Corps Officer in the U.S. Navy, retiring on 30 June, 1975. After completing my coursework at Clemson, I came to Winthrop in 1980. I have conducted research in the areas of inventory management, forecasting, statistics, and school-to-work programs for high school students. I am now retired from teaching and have embarked upon a new career, i.e. "historian." My first effort in this regard was a collaboration with history professor J. Edward Lee, Ph.D., a member of the faculty here at Winthrop University. This was an oral history entitled White Christmas in April: The Collapse of South Vietnam, 1975. It was published by Peter Lang Publishing in November of 1999. A brief description of the book can be found at:

White Christmas in April

In April of 2002, McFarland &Co. published Nixon, Ford and the Abandonment of South Vietnam. This narrative history covers the period from Richard Nixon's election in 1968 until April 30, 1975 when the last Americans left as the North Vietnamese armed forces entered Saigon bringing the war to an end. For a brief description of this narrative history, click on the link below.

Nixon, Ford and the Abandonment of South Vietnam To read the chapter that describes the invasion of South Vietnam by the North Vietnamese, click on: 

Chapter 14

A review of Nixon, Ford and the Abandonment of South Vietnam was published in the March 2003 issue of Choice reviews. You can find it at:

Review of Nixon, Ford and the Abandonment of South Vietnam

A review of White Christmas in April was published in the April 2000 issue of Vietnam magazine. You can find it at:

Review of White Christmas in April

Parameters, the US Army War College Quarterly, published a review of White Christmas in April in its Summer 2000 issue. It was written by Dr. Lewis Sorley, the author of A Better War: The Unexamined Victories and Final Tragedy of America's Last years in Vietnam. The review is the fifth of those included in this issue. They can be found by clicking on:

Lewis Sorley review

The editor of the Herald newspaper, Terry Plumb, published a review of White Christmas in April on October 31, 1999. You can find it at:

Terry Plumb review

Senator Bob Kerry of Nebraska, a Medal of Honor winner for his service during the war in Vietnam, answers the question, "Was it worth it?" Click on:

Was It Worth It?

For more information of the evacuation of Saigon in 1975, including  see:

The last Marines out of Saigon

U.S. Embassy, Saigon R. South Vietnam

The New York Time Learning Network "The Fall of Saigon"

A site that is dedicated to telling the stories of the many women who served during the Vietnam War can be found by clicking on:

Women In Vietnam

The stories of three veterans of the South Vietnamese Air Force who have moved to the Washington D.C. area over the years are told in a Washington Post article published on April 30, 2000.

"3 Roads From Vietnam"

The story of a Vietnamese family that escaped by helicopter from Vietnam on April 30, 1975 was published in the Rock Hill Herald on April 30, 2000. This family's success story is not unlike that of many of the refugees who left their homes and came to America with little more than the desire for freedom and a better life for their families. To read it click on:

Mary Vu's Story

The story of how a Vietnamese family came to live in the small southern town of Rock Hill, South Carolina was written by Lee Simmons and published in the Rock Hill Herald on September 11, 2000. Tu and Khai Phan left their home in Langcat twenty-five years ago in a small fishing boat. With the help of Father Joseph Wahl and the parishioners of St. Anne Catholic Church they established a new home for themselves and eighteen other members of their family. To read this story, click on:

Phan Family Celebration

Linh Duy Vo escaped from Vietnam in April 1975 at the age of 19. He is a poet living in Downey California. His web page can be found by clicking on the following link. (A brief biography of the poet can be located by clicking on the "Baby-san" link on the "Contents" page of his site.)

Lynh Vo's Home Page

The New York Times has published "The Vietnam War and its Aftermath;" a roundtable discussion held on April 19, 2000. The participants were correspondents Elizabeth Becker, Malcolme Browne, and Fox Butterworth; and Hue-Tam Ho Tai, professor of Sino-Vietnamese History at Harvard University. It can be found at:

"The Vietnam War and its Aftermath"  

( Note that there is a complete transcript of the discussion in addition to the audio version.)

PBS's  "News Hour" with Jim Lehrer has posted a series of transcripts from several shows about the war in Vietnam and its aftermath. They call it "Remembering Vietnam." You can find it at:

Remembering Vietnam

A story about White Christmas in April  by Karen Bair of the Rock Hill Herald was published on October 21, 1999. It can be found at:

Vestiges of Vietnam

For information about recent activities of Vietnamese-Americans, the surfer can visit the web site of the Vietnamese-American Public Affairs Committee (VPAC). The mission of this organization is to enhance political awareness and promote the participation of the Vietnamese-American community in the mainstream political system. The organizations web site can be reached by clicking on:

Vietnamese-American Public Affairs Committee 

New Horizon is a non-profit Vietnamese American organization based in California established for the purpose of promoting community involvement, increased awareness and understanding of the issues confronting Vietnamese Americans, and increasing appreciation of Vietnamese Americans in the United States. For information about New Horizon and its recent publication "25 Vietnamese Americans in 25 years" click on:

New Horizon

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