Periodicity Checklist

For each characteristic in the left column, write in the literary period that best matches it.  Doing so will help you review for the final examination.  The periods are as follows:  Old English/Anglo-Saxon, Middle Ages, Renaissance/Early Modern, 18th Century/Neo-Classical, Romantic, Victorian, and Modern.  For the postmodern period, see the separate handout.  There is a separate handout for the postmodern period.

Characteristic Period
Time is no longer considered linear.  
The rise of the novel  
Sutton Hoo burial ship/cenotaph  
Emphasis on reason  
Chivalry and courtly love  
Interest in the primitive  
The Protestant Reformation  
The rise of industrialization  
Shift from geocentric to heliocentric model of the cosmos  
Art is a mirror.  
Roman Catholic Church (two periods)  
The beginnings of Christianity in England  
The dramatic monologue was first written.  
Interest in the unconscious mind  
Emphasis on emotion and on the imagination  
Tribal life  
Crisis of faith  
The relationship between the poet and society was an important theme.  
Greater emphasis on life in the here and now  
The English sonnet was born.  
Art is a lamp.  
The idea that life is a pilgrimage to a heavenly destination:  life should be lived for the future.  
Kenning/caesura/alliterative verse  
Horatian and Juvenalian satire  
Dialectical relationship between the human mind and nature  
Stream of consciousness  
William Caxton set up the first printing press in 1476.  
Who was the father of modern poetry?  
Major advances in science, especially Darwinism  
Intellectual rebirth  
Norman Conquest  
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight  
Queen Elizabeth I  
Mixture of pagan and Christian elements