The Logic of An Article
1) The main purpose of this article is .
(State as accurately as possible the authorís purpose for writing the article.)
2) The key question that the author is addressing is .
(Figure out the key question in the mind of the author when s/he wrote the article.)
3) The most important information in this article is .
(Figure out the facts, experiences, data the author is using to support her/his conclusions.)
4) The main inferences/conclusions in this article are .
(Identify the key conclusions the author comes to and presents in the article.)
5) The key concept(s) we need to understand in this article is (are) .
By these concepts the author means ___ .
(Figure out the most important ideas you would have to understand in order to grasp the authorís line of reasoning.)
6) The main assumption(s) underlying the authorís thinking is (are) .
(Figure out what the author is taking for granted [that might be questioned].)
7a) If we take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are .
(What consequences are likely to follow if people take the authorís line of reasoning seriously?)
7b) If we fail to take this line of reasoning seriously, the implications are .
(What consequences are likely to follow if people ignore the authorís reasoning?)
8) The main point(s) of view presented in this article is (are) .
(What is the author looking at, and how is s/he seeing it?)
9) The context of this article is _____.
10) The article presents the following alternatives: ______.
Linda Elder and Richard Paul, The Thinker's Guide to Analytic Thinking (Foundation for Critical Thinking, 2006): 24-26.